The "ABC's" of Model Horse Showing

by Tracy Tariska

About the author: Tracy Tariska is a teacher and a model horse judge who officiated at the 2010 BreyerWest Youth Show. She has spent a lot of time with novice showers and developed the following notes to help novices prepare for their first couple of shows.

Model horse halter classes are modeled on real-life horse shows and real-life halter classes.  Just as real horses are judged on confirmation and quality, model horses are judged based on anatomy & biomechanics (conformation), breed standards, color, and condition.

Models that are an unrealistic color, such as the Breyer "decorator" colors (Wedgewood, Florentine, charcoal, woodgrain, tie-dye, etc.) do not show in regular halter classes, but in special classes where they are judged mainly on collectability (rarity, age, color, condition).

Note: Just because Breyer issues a model as a certain breed, it does not necessarily mean it is the only breed choice!


A & B:  Anatomy & Biomechanics (the mold you choose)

Ask yourself: "How is the model put together, conformation-wise?"

Choose your model carefully. While many "old mold" versions are more correct than more modern "new molds," it is not always the case. Avoid the cartoonish, stylized models, as well as older models with blocky hooves, bug eyes, bumpy muscles, etc.


Some good examples of "old" molds: Stablemate-scale Arabian mare, Seabiscuit and Morgan stallion; Classics-scale Man O' War and Arabian foal; Traditional-scale Proud Arabian Mare (watch for crooked front legs), Misty, Clydesdale stallion/mare/foal, Lady Phase.

Some good examples of newer models: Huckleberry Bay, Alborozo, Smarty Jones, Lonesome Glory, Iron Metal Chief, Keltic Salinero, Othello, Silver.

Note: Different judges will have different preferences, even with the same judging criteria. Some judges will prefer an older mold while others might choose a newer mold instead. Your placings may vary from show to show depending on the judge and the competition at the table. Remember and respect that judging is subjective.

B: Breed Standards (the breed you assign)

Ask yourself "Does the model accurately represent the breed you have chosen?"

Most of the judge's evaluation of your model will be comparing it to the standards for the breed you have assigned.  The judge will consider the body type as well as the color and white markings/patterns.  The wrong color or inappropriate markings can disqualify your model, so it is important to do some research!  Most breed standards can be found online, and a good breed book will be very useful.

Documentation can enhance your entry - especially if your model is a color not typical for the breed, or has unusual markings.  Typically, any information or pictures must fit on a single 8 ½ x 11" page.

For some ideas, start here:

Some good breed books:

The Official Horse Breeds Standards Guide - ISBN 978-0760334997
International Encyclopedia of Horse Breeds - ISBN 978-0806127538
The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Horse Breeds - ISBN 978-0785806042
Horses (Smithsonian Handbooks) - ISBN 978-0789489821
Horse Breeds of the World - ISBN 978-0754800132

C. Color & Condition

Does the model catch the judge's eye? Does it have obvious flaws?

Sometimes a judge will face a table with several of the same model.  How do they choose between them?  After breed standards, the answer is color and condition.

Models with scratches, rubs (especially on the eartips, hooves and tail), yellowing, overspray (on the mane & white markings), etc. will be marked down or disqualified.  The judge will be looking for rich color and shading, crisp white markings, neatly painted hooves and eyes and for a finish as close to flawless as possible.

Glossy or matte? Some judges prefer one finish over the other, but usually it all depends on which finish brings out the best color on the model.

To protect the finish, showers usually wrap their models in soft t-shirts or towels, specially- sewn "pony pouches" or even bubble wrap (do not store in the heat, the bubble wrap will stick!) for transport to a show.  A lightweight blanket, sheet or tablecloth goes on the shower's table to protect the models in case they fall over - lay tippy models on their sides so you don't get a domino effect the wipes out your show string!

Tippy models may also be placed on their sides on the show table (use a felt square or similar fabric underneath) for judging - it will not penalize your model, but it does give the judge permission to pick the model up for judging.

Model Horse Performance Showing

Just like model horse halter classes are patterned after real-life horse show halter classes, performance classes try to recreate an authentic class or scenario from the real-horse world.

Entries for performance classes can be any scale, from Mini-Whinnies and Stablemates all the way up to Traditional.  It is important to remember that the props and tack for your entry have to be in the same scale as your model.

1. Accuracy

Is the horse in the correct pose for the task?  Are the tack and props correct for the task and in the correct scale?

Some Breyer molds seem to be naturally suited for certain tasks ; the Warmblood jumper for jumping or three-day eventing, Keltic Salinero for dressage, Zippo Pine Bar for western pleasure, Scamper for barrel racing, Rejoice for saddleseat or driving...

The focus is less on anatomy and biomechanics, but on whether the horse can safely complete the task in your scenario. Performance can give new life to molds like beloved old lumpy John Henry - put him in cavalry or endurance tack and he can be a top competitor!

Documentation is very important in performance classes. If you are showing a reining or arena trail entry, include a picture or diagram of the pattern. If you have a dressage entry, put down a copy of the test with the specific spot marked.

You can find reference pictures and diagrams on the Internet from riding magazines (Horse Illustrated, Horse & Rider, Western Horseman, Practical Horseman, etc.).  Many breed organizations have their rulebooks available for download.

2. Tack & Props


Next, the judge will consider the tack and props of your entry for correctness, fit and scale.  While custom-made tack is usually of higher quality and better fit and sale, the judge will also look for placement of the saddle and cinch/girth, fit of the bridle and bit, length of reins, prohibited or required equipment (ex. running martingale in a hunter class, snaffle/bosal vs. curb bit in western pleasure, proper dressage bridle for the level of the test shown, etc.) and other technical details.


Similarly, the judge will evaluate any props in your entry for correct scale and type - are your ground poles the right size and placed appropriately?  Is your arena trail bridge a good length and width for the model crossing it? Is your hunter fence the right type and height for the entry? Are your cattle placed in the right spots for your cutting horse? Are your flowerpots in scale? Again, using pictures can be very helpful.

(Generally speaking, Breyer tack and props are best-suited for novice showing.  If you want to be competitive in open showing, you will need to purchase, re-make or make your own custom tack and props.)

3. To use dolls or not?

Dolls can either help or hurt your entry.  A properly attired, properly posed doll can add that extra bit of realism to impress the judge; but a poorly-seated doll, or one that is sloppily dressed or out of scale for the entry can make the difference between a ribbon and disqualification.


Since not using a doll doesn't penalize you, it is best to do without unless you are very sure it will enhance your overall entry.

Finally, don't be afraid to think outside the box!  If you see unique, unusual or interesting real-life horse performances, document with pictures and create an entry just like it!  Maybe your "costume" entry will be a horse painted like a giraffe, or a draft horse tacked up in bling for a wedding in India.  Maybe your cowboy and his trusty ranch horse try herding cats instead of cattle, like in a famous Super Bowl commercial! Originality counts and is appreciated.

Finally, remember - showing model horses is supposed to be FUN.  Show good sportsmanship to your fellow competitors and enjoy the experience!